What is Autism?


Autism Spectrum Disorder

Autism Spectrum Disorder

Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a neuro-behavioral condition that affects a child’s development. The three common impairments associated with autism are communication, social interaction and repetitive, restricted behaviors, interests or activities. Symptoms of autism usually occur within the first few years of life and are more apparent when children are exposed to more difficult tasks.

Early Signs of Autism


Social Interaction


  • Lack of eye contact
  • Anxiety around strangers
  • No interest in being held
  • No concept of personal space
  • Lack of initiation or continuation of play with peers
  • No interest in group activities

Communication


  • Some children on the spectrum are non-verbal or non-vocal
  • Speech delays
  • Lack of purposeful language
  • Rote, or repetitive language

Restricted, Repetitive Patterns of Behavior or Interests


  • Repetitive motor or verbal behaviors
  • Pacing, rocking or flapping their hands
  • Repetitive finger movements
  • Restricted or repetitive type of play
  • Prefer to do a limited number of activities or interests

If you notice any of these symptoms and signs from your child, contact your pediatricians for information on autism diagnosis services.